About 700 years ago, humanity brought a close acquaintance with coffee. Since then, invigorating nectar has become the most popular drink in the world. They bring him to bed, they are “charged” in the office. For those whose morning begins with the dizzying smell of a freshly brewed elixir, we have compiled amazing, funny and unknown facts about coffee.
Where did the coffee come from
There is a legend that goats are the pioneers of coffee. An Ethiopian shepherd who lived in the 9th century noticed that after eating unknown dark red berries, his four-legged wards became extremely energetic and playful. The puzzled peasant carried the fruits to the monks, who prepared the invigorating broth, which is now in second place in the ranking of the most sought-after goods in the world.
Until the middle of the XVI century, relishing wonderful nectar was the prerogative of the inhabitants of the East. Europe learned about coffee in 1615, when Venetian merchants first brought brown grains to Italy . The attitude to unprecedented bitter liquid was ambiguous. Priests called it a Muslim potion, denigrating the blood of Christians. Pope Clement VIII spoke in defense of coffee, saying: “This drink is so delicious that it would be a pity to leave it to unbelievers.”
Among the amazing facts about coffee, stand alone bans on its use. So, in 1623, the Ottoman sultan Murad IV imposed severe penalties for drinking a drink. And 154 years later, the ruler of Prussia, Frederick the Great, issued a manifesto on the superiority of beer over a brown elixir. According to the decree, the inhabitants of the kingdom must begin the morning with a good mug of foam.
In 2003, pharmacists from Naples sued for coffee! The reason was the supposedly negative effect of aromatic drinking on the nervous system. The lawyer cited numerous facts proving the positive effect of caffeine on the body. The accused was fully acquitted.
Caffeine stimulates brain activity by increasing dopamine production. This “hormone of happiness” is not only responsible for high spirits, but also motivates creativity. And coffee, blocking the inhibitory neurotransmitter adenosine, gives an energy charge and improves concentration.
The daily dose of caffeine should not exceed 400 mg per day. So that the drink from a miracle potion does not turn into poison, limit yourself to 2-4 servings.
Coffee rejuvenates. Among the active substances contained in grains, polyphenols and hydrocinnamic acid, powerful antioxidants that neutralize free radicals, take pride of place. These “elixirs of immortality” remove toxins, prevent tissue damage, protect against aggressive ultraviolet radiation and slow down aging.
Caffeine reduces the risk of heart attack. This fact was proved by scientists at the Harvard School of Public Health. According to studies, people who drink 2-3 cups of coffee daily suffer from cardiovascular diseases almost 3 times less than fans of other drinks.
Famous coffee lovers
Interesting facts about coffee are also associated with outstanding historical figures, which once again proves that the drink stimulates creativity and improves performance. So, Voltaire, who lived to 84, claimed that he owed his success and longevity to fifty daily servings of fragrant elixir. And Victor Hugo not only consumed coffee, but also used it as a carcass for drawing.
Peter I is known as the legislator of coffee fashion in Russia. In 1697, the king reformer visited Holland, where he became addicted to invigorating ragweed. Returning to his homeland, the emperor issued a decree obliging all subjects to drink coffee at home and in assemblies.
An even greater love for fragrant potion was distinguished by Catherine II. Every day, the mistress drank up to 5 cups of the strongest drink made from 400 g of ground grains (about 4 tablespoons per serving). By the way, during the reign of the great empress, coffee was one of the most expensive goods. For him they asked 40 kopecks per pound.
A little-known fact: fortune-telling on coffee grounds became popular under Paul I. There is a legend that in 1799 the monarch received a gypsy “coffee house” who saw in the cup with brown contents the imminent demise of the sovereign.
Watching technical progress
According to statistics, in a year humanity drinks 590-600 billion cups of coffee , and this number is constantly growing. This fact has led to the development of robotics in the coffee industry, because increasing sales requires an improvement in the process. One of the first on the automation path was Tokyo Henna Cafe, where the Sawyer robot works. The electronic barista simultaneously serves up to 5 visitors, spending 4 minutes preparing a portion.
The invention of yet another technological achievement is directly connected with coffee – webcams. The first device in history capable of capturing images in real time was installed in 1991 on a coffee maker at the University of Cambridge. Thanks to the device, employees could, without leaving their offices, learn about the readiness of the drink.
In November 2012, a record about the largest coffee mug on the planet appeared in the Guinness Book of Records. The De’Longhi-created giant, 2.9 m high and 2.6 m wide, contained 13,000 liters of aromatic nectar, equivalent to 216 standard servings of espresso.
The glory of the Italians haunted coffee lovers from Croatia. Their achievement was a giant cup of cappuccino with a diameter of 1.8 m. 22 coffee machines installed in the central square of the city were used to make 2,012 liters of the barista from Zagreb.
The most expensive variety of invigorating elixir is Thai Black Ivory (Black Tusk). And do not be surprised at the fact that a drink costing about 1,100 € per kilogram is produced using … elephants. Absorbed by representatives of the proboscis squad, ripened coffee berries, passing through the digestive tract, undergo fermentation and go out of the body of giants in a natural way. Then the fruits are collected, washed, dried and processed.
The second position is occupied by Kopi Luwak, a kilogram of which can be bought for 850-1 000 €. Surprisingly, it is a fact: the holder of a silver medal also does not differ in the standard manufacturing method. Soft coffee with a chocolate-nutty flavor is born after processing berries that have passed through the digestive system of Luwak (Indonesian civet).
Coffee unconditionally conquered the world, and the number of its varieties has long exceeded one thousand. And no wonder that the invigorating potion beloved by millions has earned its own official holiday – International Coffee Day, which is celebrated on October 1.