In the modern world, such a vegetable, such as onion, is very popular, but you didn;t know these facts about it..
At Yale University, located in the United States, are small-sized clay tablets – the first cookbooks in the world. They could not be deciphered until 1985, until the famous French chef Jean Botter, who is an Assyriologist in the aggregate, took up the cause. It was Botter who established that onions of ancient Mesopotamia they simply adored onions.
Onion is considered the most common product in the world, it is grown in more than 175 countries . Its mass crops are several times higher than those of wheat – the main record holder in terms of yield.
Onions have become an integral component of any modern cuisine.
In the kitchen of any modern housewife you can certainly find a few onions, without which almost no dish, except dessert. Onions are considered popular in almost every country . Onion peaks in popularity at many religious holidays, the traditional dishes of which are not complete without this vegetable.
Interesting Facts About Onion
- The onion received its Latin name “Allium” thanks to the famous naturalist Karl Linea, who linked the vegetable by analogy with the Celtic word “all” – hot.
- Today, there are about 900 species of onions, they grow not only in the gardens of the housewives, but also in the forests, meadows and steppes. Of this vast number of species, only 228 units are considered vegetable crops.
- Researchers can not truly establish the onion’s homeland: many of them believe that this vegetable was the first to appear in South-West Asia.
- In Europe, onions began to be consumed in the Bronze Age.
- Information about onions can be found in the ancient Egyptian chronicles, he, along with garlic was famous for 30 000 years BC. The famous antique historian Herodotus wrote in his writings that during the construction of the famous Pyramid of Cheops, a large amount of money was spent on the purchase of onions, garlic and radish for slaves.
- One of the oldest images of the bulb can be found in the tomb of the youngest Egyptian pharaoh – Tutankhamun. Date of creation of the figure – 1352 BC.
- 5000 years ago, onions learned to grow on the territory of countries such as India and China.
- In the Middle Ages, during the Great Crusades, the bow was considered a product that was included in the daily diet of each knight. Onions were so popular in those days that in just 8 bulbs, Christians could barter one of their captive comrades from the Saracens.
- Onions appeared on the territory of America thanks to the expedition of Christopher Columbus. Sailors first planted a vegetable on Isabella Island, and then began to actively grow it on the continent.
- According to statistics compiled by UN experts, the first place for the consumption of onions per capita can be considered a country like Libya . The average resident of this article consumes about 33 kg of onions per year, and they add a root vegetable to almost all dishes. The second place can be given to Senegal, where a person consumes up to 22 kg per year. Next on the list are the British – 9.3 kg and the French – 5.6 kg.
- In modern India, not one meal is not carried out without onions. The price of this vegetable is constantly variable, it is directly related to the popularity of the root.
- The onion got its name because of its similarity in appearance with a turnip.
- Leek in the UK is considered a national symbol of Wales. According to the legend, the bishop and enlightener named David of Welsh in his battle with the Saxons ordered his army to attach leeks to the helmets, which served as a distinctive sign from the enemy in the battle. Since March 1 – the day of the battle on the onion field is a national holiday in Wales.
- You can find more sugar in onions than in fruits such as apple and pear. One slice of onion contains about 6% sugar. During its preparation, volatile substances are evaporated from the vegetable, so that the onion becomes sweet.
- Nutritionists found that onions are inherently excellent fat burner. Based on it, a diet is developed based on onion soup.
- There is an opinion that people growing onions in greenhouses are less affected by ARVI and flu.
- In the cold season to strengthen the immune system requires eating only half of the bulbs per day.
- Onion juice is an excellent analgesic against bites of bumblebees, wasps and bees.
- Researchers have proven that the smell of onions, its taste, as well as the tears caused by this vegetable are able to combat the appearance of cancer cells in the body.
- Everyone knows that when you clean the onions, tears appear in the eyes. Teariness is directly related to the content in the onions of a special substance – a lacrimator. As soon as a person cuts an onion’s head, an active release into the air of a lacrimator begins, which can dissolve in water, including in human tears. Sulfuric acid formed during a chemical reaction begins to irritate the mucous membrane of the eye, and this causes tears. Experienced chefs advise you to moisten the knife with water before cleaning the onion, or freeze it.