Radish is a very popular vegetable in Europe and throughout the world. It is unpretentious in growing conditions, and therefore many grow radishes in their gardens and dachas. Radishes are often consumed fresh as an appetizer or in salads, as well as a side dish for the main dish. But in this article we will not talk about the taste characteristics of radishes, but about its beneficial health properties. For example, did you know that radish is an alkaline-forming food that helps in maintaining the body’s pH balance ( 1 )? We will talk about these and other medicinal properties of radishes in this material.
So, we will consider in detail what radish is, the benefits and harms of the human body, the calorie content and composition of nutrients, and in general, what role can the use of radish play in a healthy diet.
Nutrition Facts and Nutrients in Radish
Radish is a member of the cruciferous family (Brassicaceae), which also includes all types of cabbage and turnips. Therefore, many useful properties and composition of the radish are similar to its “relatives” – broccoli, cauliflower and horseradish.
100 grams of raw radish contains about:
Calories : 19 kcal
Carbohydrates : 4 gr.
Protein : 0.8 gr.
Fat : 0.1 gr.
Fiber : 1.9 g
Vitamin C : 17.2 mg (29%)
Potassium : 270 mg (8%)
Folic acid : 29 mcg (7%)
Vitamin B6 : 0.1 mg (4%)
Manganese : 0.1 mg (4%)
The benefits of radishes for the human body
Consider the 5 health benefits of radishes for health.
1. Radish “cleanses” the body of harmful substances and cures jaundice
Radishes can be an ideal natural remedy for jaundice. While jaundice often occurs in infants (the so-called newborn jaundice), it can also affect adults. If you notice a yellowish discoloration of the skin, mucous membranes and eye proteins, you need to see a doctor. This may be the result of higher levels of bilirubin in the blood, and although this is not a disease, it may be a sign of something more serious.
The benefits of radishes for the body are manifested in its cleansing abilities, namely to cleanse the blood of toxins and waste. So, radish is able to remove excess bilirubin from the blood. It is known that the use of black radish and radish leaves copes with this task best – however, this tool can only be used to treat jaundice in adults!
2. Helps treat osteoarthritis
Vitamin C is essential for the production of collagen, which is part of the cartilage, joints and ligaments in the human body. When we think about vitamin C, many people think of citrus fruits – oranges or lemons. But did you know that radishes are actually some of the best foods that contain vitamin C? Radish provides 17.2 mg of this vitamin for every 100 grams, which is about 29% of the daily value.
Vitamin C is an antioxidant that can help limit the damage to cartilage caused by the harm of free radicals found in the body. Thus, the benefits of radish are manifested in the ability to help and alleviate the symptoms and course of arthritis, as well as eating foods rich in vitamin C, you are involved in the prevention of this unpleasant disease.
3. Radish helps to lose weight
Radishes are usually small in size, but each vegetable contains a lot of important dietary fiber that is good for digestion. As a high-fiber product, radishes can help regulate bowel movements, eliminate constipation that causes hemorrhoids, and can help lower cholesterol by binding to low-density lipoproteins ( 2 ).
Since fiber is digested slowly and for a long time, eating foods rich in dietary fiber can help you feel full for a longer time and avoid overeating. Most adults do not get enough fiber from their diet, preferring less-than-healthy high-carbohydrate foods. On the contrary, radish is an excellent healthy food product – it contains few calories and a lot of fiber and water, which makes this vegetable the best option for many dishes and is suitable for those who are trying to lose weight.
4. Benefits the heart
Radishes can help reduce the incidence of heart disease. Like red cabbage, radishes contain a type of flavonoid called anthocyanin, the same flavonoid that is found in blueberries. Anthocyanins are vegetable dyes that brighten vegetables and fruits.
According to studies, anthocyanins have anti-inflammatory properties that can help reduce the risk of cardiovascular diseases and their consequences, such as peripheral arterial disease, heart failure, and even kidney disease. Anthocyanins are capable of destroying and eliminating metabolites, which are “products of metabolic reactions catalyzed by various enzymes,” naturally occurring inside cells. This process provides protection against many heart problems directed to the vascular system by reducing oxidative stress and reducing inflammation ( 3 ).
5. Provides skin health
Radish contains many nutrients such as B vitamins, zinc, phosphorus and vitamin C, which can help heal the skin. In addition, radish consists largely of water, providing much-needed hydration for the skin from the inside. Also, what makes radishes a good choice for the skin is its antibacterial properties, which help to heal dry, cracked skin and prevent infection ( 4 ). Therefore, the benefits of radish for the body are not only to eat it, but also when used locally as a face mask.
Historical Radish Facts
Radish is a classic decoration for leafy green lettuce, which provides a crispy, slightly peppery taste.
The etymology of the word “radish” comes from the Latin word radix, and its genus name is Raphanus, coming from the ancient Greek expression raphanos, which means “easy to grow.” Radishes come in many colors. The most popular and affordable: white, red and pink. Some grow black radish – it has a rich black peel and bright white flesh.
It is believed that radishes were first grown in China. Historical records show that radishes were very common in ancient Egypt, even before the pyramids were built. Radish replicas were created in gold with silver beets and turnips presented in lead. The ancient Greeks and Romans wrote a lot about radishes.
Radish: possible harm, contraindications and side effects
Radishes are safe for most people. However, if you have a rash or allergic reaction, stop eating radishes immediately and consult a doctor.
Eating large amounts of radishes can also cause digestive irritation.
A contraindication for the use of radish is: the presence of stones in the gallbladder.
During pregnancy and breastfeeding, radishes can be consumed, but in very moderate amounts.
So, we have studied – what is a radish, its benefits and harms to the human body. Summarize:
- Radishes can be a great addition to any diet. Eat it in small quantities, and you will receive only benefits for your health and no harm!
- Among the medicinal benefits of radish are the cleansing of the circulatory system, the improvement of the symptoms of arthritis, weight regulation, and the strengthening of heart and skin health.